The European Union, yesterday, promised to work with Theresa May on, “whether a way through can be found” to avoid the disruption of a no-deal Brexit after the British prime minister demanded changes to the divorce deal to get it through parliament.
May was in Brussels to plead with EU leaders to change the Withdrawal Agreement she negotiated last year, after the British parliament rejected it overwhelmingly in January.
Neither spoke, with one reporter shouting to the retreating leaders: “Is this hell, prime minister?” EU summit chair, Donald Tusk, said on Wednesday that Brexit promoters deserved “a special place in hell” – a blunt display of frustration in Brussels that drew condemnation from many in Britain.
“President Juncker underlined that the EU27 will not reopen the Withdrawal Agreement,” the EU’s executive arm said after what it described as “robust but constructive” talks with May.
But the two tasked their teams to work on “whether a way through can be found that would gain the broadest possible support in the UK Parliament and respect” the EU’s stance. They agreed to meet again before the end of the month.
Parliament, which rejected May’s agreement by the biggest majority in modern British history, voted to renegotiate the deal, replacing a provision that some fear could keep British-ruled Northern Ireland under EU rules indefinitely.
EU leaders have repeatedly said it would be impossible to replace the provision, known as the “backstop”, because it is required to ensure no hard border, once a focus for sectarian violence, between Northern Ireland and EU-member Ireland.
Unless parliament approves a deal, Britain is on course to leave the EU on March 29 with no transition arrangement in place, a scenario that many businesses say would be catastrophic for the economy. Other options could include delaying Brexit, holding a new referendum or cancelling it altogether.
The Bank of England said Britain faced its weakest economic growth in 10 years in 2019, blaming mounting Brexit uncertainty and the global slowdown.
Governor Mark Carney said: “The fog of Brexit is causing short term volatility in the economic data, and more fundamentally, it is creating a series of tensions in the economy, tensions for business.”
“I would have described no deal, no transition a few years ago as a low probability event. I’d describe it now as not the central scenario, so in other words … yes, the probability has gone up,” he said.
German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, the EU’s most powerful leader, who has highlighted in recent days, the responsibility of both sides to reach an agreement, yesterday, said a solution could be found without reopening the accord.
May will return to parliament on Feb 14 for a debate on the Brexit negotiations when lawmakers could again try to wrest control of the process from her, but a vote on approving the Brexit deal is likely to come later in the month.
Both May’s Conservative Party and the main opposition, Labour Party, are formally committed to carrying out Brexit following a 2016 referendum in which voters chose to leave the EU by a margin of 52-48 per cent. But both parties are deeply divided internally over how or even whether to do so.