South South Governors and leaders on Tuesday insisted that Nigeria needed to be restructured along the lines of true federalism and devolution of powers to the federating units.
According to a statement from the Delta State Government House, Asaba, which was made available to newsmen on Tuesday, the leaders and people from the region made the demand at a consultative meeting with a Federal Government delegation of ministers and other stakeholders from the region at the Government House, Port Harcourt, Rivers State.
The Chairman of the South South Governors’ Forum and Governor of Delta State, Dr. Ifeanyi Okowa, who presented the region’s demand, said the nation is not at peace because the country has failed to practice true federalism.
Okowa said now is the time to restore the country back to a true federation with all the attributes and nuances of a federal state.
He said: “For us in the South-South, the #ENDSARS protest is a metaphor of almost all that is wrong with us, our refusal to properly understand issues, and imbibe and entrench the virtues of justice, fairness and equity.
“The previous system of true federalism was jettisoned and it created a powerful center controlling and distributing all the resources unevenly.
“There is now a strong desire to restructure the country in order to guarantee peace, security, stability and progress of the nation.
“The region demands true federalism and devolution of powers to the states, including creating and managing their own police and security architecture, true fiscal federalism guided by the principle of derivation, revenue sharing and control of resources by each state.”
Okowa decried the deliberate lack of understanding, empathy and uncompromising attitudes of some Nigerians, who refused to understand the peculiar challenges of the South South region, especially the degradation of the environment and the pollution of its waters.
He said: “All we demand and ask for is fairness and equity and as we await actions to restructure the country, we hereby renew our demands for: ‘The relocation of the headquarters of major oil companies in Nigeria to the region; relocation of several NNPC subsidiaries from Lagos and Abuja to the region.
“The region further requests the completion without delay of the East-West Road and all federal roads in the region; Construction of the Lagos-Calabar railway, reconstruction and rehabilitation of the region’s major seaports notably the Port Harcourt, Calabar and Warri.”
The leaders also demanded the privatisation of the Port Harcourt and Warri refineries after several failed turnaround maintenance attempts.
The region called for the release of all funds owed the Niger Delta Development Commission and for the amendment of the NDDC Act to place the commission on a first-line charge.
They decried annual flooding challenges in the region and called for the establishment of buffer dams to control flood waters in the region.
They also called for the completion of the abandoned Gas Revolution Industrial Park at Ogidigben and the stepping down of electricity at the Okpai and Utorogu gas plants.
The Leader of the Presidential delegation and Chief of Staff to President Muhammadu Buhari, Prof. Ibrahim Gambari, thanked the people of the South South for their cooperation, and assured that all issues raised at the meeting will be communicated to the President.
Gambari apologised for the failure of the meeting to hold as earlier slated on November 17.
He said: “We are here on behalf of the President as part of the ongoing and continuing conversation on how to make our nation better and I must thank the Governor of Delta, Senator Ifeanyi Okowa, for his tireless effort in ensuring that this meeting was held.
“Our youths took to the streets to express their bitterness on ill-treatment meted out to them by the police and the President, recognising the importance of the demands made by the protesters, agreed to implement the five-point demands.
“All over the world, people have right to protest but in doing so, respect for law and order must be adhered to and they must also respect the rights of others.
“The President commends governors, traditional rulers and other stakeholders for their role in handling the protesters.”
On his part, Deputy President of the Senate, Senator Ovie Omo-Agege, commended the youths of the South South for their peaceful disposition during the protests.
Omo-Agege assured that all constitutional issues canvassed would be addressed by the Constitution Review Committee and urged the governors to prevail on their Houses of Assemblies to give the necessary concurrence at the appropriate time.
In his remarks, the Inspector-General of Police, Mohammed Adamu, said aside the massive economic effects of the protests, 243 public facilities were burnt, 71 warehouses looted, 610 vehicles destroyed, 134 police stations burnt, 164 police vehicles destroyed and 136 firearms carted away.
He added that 65 civilians were killed during the protests and 37 policemen gruesomely murdered, while 196 persons were seriously injured.
Also, the Director-General, Department of State Services, Yusuf Magaji-Bichi, said the unity of the country, in spite of the diversity, remains the strength of the nation, adding that all hands must be on deck to ensure that peace returns to the country.
Governor Nyesom Wike of Rivers State in a vote of thanks, commended the Federal Government delegation and stakeholders of the region for attending the meeting and urged the federal authorities to ensure the implementation of the region’s demands.