The UN has called on countries and the society to help women and girls reach their potential in science by dismantling barriers militating against them.
UN Secretary-General António Guterres made this call in a message to mark the International Day of Women and Girls in Science, observed annually on Feb. 11.
Guterres said it was time to support and invest in women and girls who want to pursue careers in scientific research, the fields, which were considered as exclusive for men.
He said that although both girls and boys had the potential to pursue their ambitions in science and mathematics, in school and at work.
According to him, the systematic discrimination means that women occupy less than 30 per cent of research and development jobs worldwide.
“We need to encourage and support girls and women to achieve their full potential as scientific researchers and innovators.
“Women and girls need this, and the world needs this, if we are to achieve our ambitions for sustainable development on a healthy planet,” he stated.
The UN chief called for “concerted, concrete efforts” to overcome stereotypes and biases, such as media representations of scientists and innovators as being mainly men.
In a joint statement on the Day, the Director-General of the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO), Audrey Azoulay, and the Executive Director of UN Women, Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, re-echoed Guterres’ concerns.
The two top UN officials stressed that such imagery made it difficult for girls to believe they could be scientists, explorers or inventors, for example.
They said the future would be marked by scientific and technological progress which “will be the greatest when it draws on the full talent, creativity and ideas of women and girls in science”.
They added that the rapidly growing science and technology sectors are “vital” to national economies.
However, UNESCO data shows only around 30 per cent of all female students in higher education select the so-called STEM subjects – science, technology, engineering or mathematics.
One of the main tools for tackling gender inequality in the sciences is dismantling the barriers to girls and women, at home, in the classroom and in the workplace.
This requires a change in attitudes and the challenging of stereotypes, they said.
“We need to tackle biased perceptions amongst teachers, employers, peers and parents of the suitability of girls and young women to learn science.
“Or learn at all – to pursue scientific careers or to lead and manage in academic spheres,” the UN officials stressed.
They stressed: “Tackling some of the greatest challenges of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development – from improving health to combating climate change – will rely on harnessing all talents.
“That means we need to achieve a significant increase in the number of women entering and remaining in STEM careers.”
In December 2015, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution that established the annual International Day to recognise the critical role women and girls play in science and technology communities.