FILE PHOTO - South Sudan President Salva Kiir attends talks in Khartoum on an end to his country's civil war, June 25, 2018. REUTERS-Mohamed Nureldin Abdallah-File Photo
Reuters

President Salva Kiir of South Sudan has granted an amnesty to all those involved in the nation’s civil war including rebel leader Riek Machar, according to a television broadcast.

On Sunday Kiir, SPLM-IO leader Machar – the president’s former deputy – and other groups signed a ceasefire and power-sharing agreement in the Sudanese capital Khartoum.

The amnesty order was read out on state-run television late Wednesday.

A political row between Kiir and Machar degenerated in 2013 into a war that has killed tens of thousands, forced a quarter of the population to flee their homes and wrecked the country’s oil-dependent economy.

The conflict has often been fought along ethnic lines. Previous peace deals have failed, including one in 2015 that briefly halted hostilities but fell apart after Machar returned to the capital Juba in 2016.

SPLM-IO is the largest of the rebel groups fighting Kiir’s government, and fighters allied to it control several areas close to the capital.

Some of its generals broke off to form their own movements or to join Kiir’s government, and other anti-government groups have also emerged since the conflict erupted, some of which have fought against each other.

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