The International Monetary Fund does not want austerity in Tunisia, and in fact proposed programmes to protect the poor from the impact of economic reforms, a Fund spokesperson said on Thursday.
Several hundred people have been arrested in Tunisia since social unrest erupted a week ago, fueled by unemployment, corruption and austerity measures in the 2018 budget.
“The frustration the Tunisian people are feeling is understandable,” said IMF spokesperson Gerry Rice, speaking on the anniversary of the 2011 Tunisian uprising that launched the Arab Spring.
However, he defended the institution against the “outdated” view that it is the IMF causing the suffering.
“Speaking for the IMF, we do not want austerity. We do want well-designed, well-implemented, socially-balanced reforms,” he said
He noted that the Fund has supported continuing subsidies for basic foodstuffs, raising taxes on non-essential items, and boosting funds for pensions and health care.
“At the end of the day it’s their programme, it’s not something imposed by the IMF.”
Economic reforms, which include reducing the size of the massive public sector and reforming the tax system, is the best way to achieve “growth and fairness,” he said.
However, the programme is seeking to address “very deep-seated, longstanding issues, so we can’t expect to see success overnight,” Rice cautioned.
The North African country is seen as having had a relatively smooth democratic transition since the January 14, 2011 toppling of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali after 23 years in power.
But seven years later, anger has risen over new austerity measures after a year of rising prices, with protesters again chanting the 2011 slogans of “Work, Freedom, Dignity.”
The IMF has supported the country through a four-year, $3bn loan programme. The fund’s board is due to approve the third $320m installment of the loan sometime in the fourth quarter, which would bring the total to $1bn paid.
Tunisia faced a series of shocks since 2007 and saw its growth rate plunge in 2011, but has recovered since 2014, with the economy expected to show a 2.3% expansion in 2017 and three percent this year.
Rice said that despite the frustration of the Tunisian people, “reversing those reforms would be the wrong option at this stage.”