Ethiopia's Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed announces a failed coup as he addresses the public on television, June 23, 2019. The failed coup in the Amhara region was led by a high-ranking military official and others within the country’s military, he said.

Ethiopia on Friday invited members of the public to tour a notorious detention facility where high-profile political prisoners once endured abusive interrogations, weeks of solitary confinement and other forms of torture.

The opening of the facility – known as “Maekelawi,” or “central” in the Amharic language – amounted to “a promise to never again repeat the cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment or punishment of any detainee in the country”, Ethiopia’s federal police said in a statement.

Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed drew praise for freeing political prisoners after he assumed office in April 2018, the same month Maekelawi was closed.

But critics contend that his government has recently embraced the repressive tactics of previous regimes, especially after the assassination of five military and government officials in June – an event that posed the greatest threat yet to his hold on power.

On Friday, top justice officials including Attorney General Berhanu Tsegaye and Supreme Court Chief Meaza Ashenafi walked with scores of ordinary Ethiopians through the grounds of Maekelawi, which had been spruced up for the occasion.

The walls of torture rooms were given a fresh coat of yellow paint, and artwork depicting scenes from Ethiopian history lined the main corridor of a dark, forbidding section referred to by inmates as “Siberia”.

‘People need to know’

Among the crowd was Zelalem Workagegnehu, a former blogger turned opposition figure who was held for four months in “Siberia” in 2014 after being accused of passing information to a “terrorist organisation”.

He acknowledged feeling “nervous” about returning but his fear quickly dissipated. He even took time to embrace a prison guard he remembered from his time behind bars.

“I never thought that this would happen in my life,” he said. “But now as you can see me, I’m a bit relaxed and enjoying the moment.”

After showing AFP the cramped room where he once spent 41 days in solitary confinement, Zelalem said his only objection was that the space had not been preserved exactly as it was.

“One of the biggest mistakes is they painted the inside of the rooms. Much of us we are writing our history, our prayers, our tortures here in this building,” he said. “People need to read that. People need to know what happened in here.”

Ethiopian authorities intend to turn Maekelawi into a museum.

Daniel Bekele, a former political prisoner who was recently named head of the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission, said this represented “a major turning point both symbolically and literally as a commitment to end the history of torture in Ethiopian prisons”.

But he warned that recent judicial proceedings against critics and journalists, some of whom have been charged under controversial anti-terrorism legislation, are a sign that the reform process is far from complete.

“The recent use of the infamous Anti-Terrorism Law in the process of remand hearings is a disturbing reminder of the dark past which should be stopped immediately,” he said.

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