The Ahmadu Bello University (ABU), Zaria is making efforts to establish conventional and standard locally-built refineries in Niger Delta to boost the nation’s refinery capacity, but the project is stalled because of lack of funding.
Prof. Ibrahim Mohammed-Dabo, the Team Leader, ABU Refinery Project, made the disclosure in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in Zaria, Kaduna State.
Mohamed-Dabo, a Professor of Chemical Engineering said: “Our ultimate goal is to have a conventional and standard locally built refinery that can be refining Nigerian crude.
“We are hoping if enough funding is made available to us to perfect what we have on ground; we shall be willing to build other ones that can be stationed in the Niger Delta.
“This is where most of the Nigerian crude oil is produced. When new ones are built, we are going to train operators that will manage them,” he said.
He recalled that the ABU mini refinery project started in 2011 when he wrote a research proposal to the university management for onward delivery to Tertiary Education Trust Fund (TETFUND) for funding.
“In monetary terms, the initial stage of the project was proposed to cost N18 million but to our surprise, only N1.8 million was approved for the project.
“We initially wanted to abandon the project because the amount approved was so small, but being very passionate about it, we started the design and fabricated some components with that meagre amount.
“Actually, it reached a stage that we had to use our personal money for the project. When we started installation at the site, we invited the university management to the site and they were very happy.
“On appreciating what was done, the then Vice-Chancellor pledged that the university was going to support the project which they did by providing land, security, light and water,” Mohammed-Dabo said.
He added that dedicated staff were employed purposely for the project, stressing that since then, the university had been very supportive.
“As you know, refinery is made up of many units; the first unit to be put in place in any refinery are the desalting and crude distillation units.
“These were the ones we designed, constructed, installed and operated with the support of the University.
“The Raw Materials Research and Development Council (RMRDC), Abuja was approached to fund two units, which were the Naphtha Hydro-treating Unit (NUH) and the Fluid Catalytic Cracking Unit (FCCU).
“The RMRDC is therefore sponsoring these units. We have completed both the design and fabrication components, we are now at the installation stage’” he said.
According to him, the team is equally working on other units such as the Kerosene hydro-treating unit, Catalytic reforming unit, sour water stripping unit and flared gas recovery unit.
He said what the team has achieved was solely sponsored by the ABU management toward ensuring the success of the project.
On present state of the refinery at ABU, Mohammed-Dabo said three units have so far been completed.
“As I have mentioned earlier, presently the refinery has completed three units which are the desalting unit, atmospheric and vacuum distillation units.
“We are equally working on four of five other units which we hope before the fourth quarter of this year, we will commission them, God willing.
“Building any technology is capital intensive; talk less of oil refining technology. It involves many trials before perfection.
“There is the need to improve upon what has already been built and this involves money. We have been making efforts in this regard but up till now no funding secured yet,” he said.
Mohammed-Dabo said they have approached PTDF, Ministry of Niger Delta Affairs, TETFUND and the Nigerian Content Development and Monitoring Board (NCDMB) without much success.
He, however, said the good news was when the NNPC GMD visited the refinery. The GMD, Maikanti Baru, promised to support with crude supply.
“Again, last month we participated at the just concluded Nigeria International Petroleum Summit in Abuja where we showcased our project.
“The Minister of State Petroleum Resources, Dr Ibe Kachukwu visited our exhibition booth and he was highly impressed with our efforts.
“In view of what he saw, he promised to support the project. We have submitted our proposal hoping to hear good news from him,” he said.
The professor said what was interesting during that summit was that many investors were willing to partner with his team, but said the team have to improve their technology before agreeing to engage private investors.
The team leader appealed to the federal government to support the refinery project.
“It is truly shameful that we are an oil producing nation but rely on importation of refined products.
“Government has a role to play to develop this technology. Anywhere in the world, developing technologies is the responsibility of government.
“It is only when it has reached a certain stage that private investors will come and partake. Nigeria is blessed with both human and material resources,” he noted.
He stressed the need for concerted efforts to judiciously utilise the country’s abundant resources, saying that any country that wanted to develop technologically must try and develop technologies of its manufacturing sector.
Mohammed-Dabo observed that Nigeria would never be self-sufficient or secured as long as it relies on foreign countries for technology.