Total merchandise trade increased by 23.28 per cent in Quarter Two (Q2, 2021) to N12.02 trillion from N9.75 trillion recorded in Q1, the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) says.
The NBS said this on Sunday in Abuja in its “Foreign Trade in Goods Statistics, Q2, 2021”, adding that the increase was a result of the sharp increase in export value during the quarter under review.
According to the report, the export component of the trade was valued at N5.07 trillion or 42.22 per cent, while import was valued at N6.95 trillion or 57.78 per cent with a trade balance deficit of N1.87 trillion.
It said that crude oil, which was the major component of export trade, stood at N4.07 trillion or 80.29 per cent of total export.
“This further shows a sharp increase of 111.32 per cent in crude oil value in Q2 compared to N1.92 trillion recorded in Q1, while the non-crude oil export recorded N1 trillion or 19.71 per cent of total export trade in Q2.”
In the classification of its products by sectors, the NBS said that the total value of trade in agricultural goods in Q2 stood at N817.35 billion, with the export component totalling N165.27 billion while the import was valued at N652.08 billion.
It added that the topmost of these exported agricultural products were good fermented Nigerian Cocoa beans exported mainly to the Netherlands (N16.48 billion), Malaysia (N9.32 billion) and the United States of America (N8.41 billion).
The NBS said that the total value of trade in solid mineral goods in Q2, stood at N63.68 billion, with the export component of at N14.93 billion while import was valued at N48.75 billion.
According to it, the leading exported mineral products were cement exported to the Niger Republic and Togo in values worth N3.12 billion and N2.32billion.
For the manufactured goods sector, the value of trade stood at N4.51 trillion representing 37.50 per cent of total trade.
It said that out of the figure, the export component accounted for N211.67 billion while the import component was valued at N4.29 trillion.
“The products that drove up manufactured products were vessels and other floating structures for breaking up, which was exported to Cameroon in the value worth N71.90 billion.
“Vessels and other floating structures for breaking up were also exported to Spain and Equatorial Guinea in values worth N18.34 billion and N6.26 billion.
“In terms of manufactured imports, used vehicles were mainly imported from the United States and Italy in values worth N33.78 billion and N5.74 billion.”
In the raw materials goods sector, total trade stood at N904.51 billion with the import component valued at N840.50 billion while the export component stood at N64.01 billion.
The report said that import trade classified by region showed Asia as the leading partner with a record of N3.46 trillion or 49.92 per cent with Europe with N2.30 trillion or 33.16 per cent closely following.
Others are America with N869.1 billion, Africa N248.8 billion and Oceania N58.1 billion.
It added that out of the value recorded for Africa, imports from ECOWAS countries accounted for N24.2 billion.
It said that in its analysis of imports by country of origin, data showed that the majority of the goods imported during the quarter originated from China with the value of N2.078 trillion, followed by India with N570.01 billion, Netherlands N557.16 billion, United States N526.92 billion.
The NBS said that export by section revealed that mineral products accounted for N4.63 trillion or 91.29 per cent of total export trade.
“This was followed by vehicles, aircraft and parts, vessels at N141.73 billion, vegetable products N92.80 billion among others.
“In terms of regional trade, Nigeria exported most products to Asia (N1.84 trillion), Europe (N1.82 trillion), America (N806.81 billion) and Africa (N584.11 billion) while Oceania totalled N23.28 billion with goods worth N363.3 billion exported to ECOWAS.
“Analysis by country export trade showed that most goods were exported to India (N949.05 billion or), Spain (N524.49 billion), Canada (N355.60 billion) and Netherlands (N298.29 billion) and United States N256.63 billion.”